Insights Daily Answer Writing Challenge Day – 44

QUESTIONS: DAY – 44 (GENERAL STUDIES PAPER – II)

  1. “The Indian national movement was basically the product of the central contradiction between colonialism and the interests of the Indian people.” Explain.(250 Words)
  2. Explain the working of Tsunami Warning System in India. (200 Words)
  3. Give an account of the movement for female enfranchisement during the Indian national movement. (250 Words)

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78 Responses

  1. vipul says:

    Explain the working of Tsunami Warning System in India

    Indian Tsunami Early warning system (ITEWS) had become an imperative after the disastrous tsunami in 2004 that left lakhs of people dead in the country. Out of 10 Nations affected by Tsunami in 2004, only Indonesia received any warning. In 2007,ITEWS setup at Indian national center for ocean services became fully operational . ITEWS also provide tsunami advisories to the Indian Ocean rim countries along with Australia & Indonesia.
    How it works:
    Tsunami warning system consist of four components.
    Seismic gauge: This Is used to gauge the earthquake or volcanic eruption which may cause Tsunami.It consists of two components.
    Bottom Pressure recorder-It is located at the bottom of ocean and measures the pressure of water above it which varies according to wave height. When the Tsunami passes over the head station, recorder shows increase in pressure over a long distance.
    Tide gauges-Records the sea level at coasts

    Surface buoy-is positioned near the bottom pressure recorder and send data to satellites
    Land stations-Analyze the data from sea and coast level censors and decide if the Tsunami is on it way and accordingly alerts the authorities & vulnerable communities
    Satellite-Collect the information from surface buoy and send it to warning station on lands.

    The Indian Tsunami Warning system is capable of detecting earthquakes in the whole of Indian Ocean region as well as in the Global Oceans within few minutes of their occurrence. There are two subduction zones(earth quake & volcanism prone areas) of Andaman-Sumatra and Makran in Indian Ocean,) that can affect the entire Indian coast line . Tsunami warning system helps to detect the occurrence of tsunami. Advisory is sent to vulnerable areas within few minutes of detection so that people get more time to respond to the disaster and disaster impact is mitigated.

  2. Amudhan says:

    The Indian national movement was basically the product of the central contradiction between colonialism and the interests of the Indian people.” Explain.
    Colonialism is the subversion of another countries interest for the sake of its own. The INA is the product of the contradiction however it forms do vary, from the early nationalist period whose primary aim was to educate the British public of the dismal state of the Indian population. They hoped such a revelatory exercise, as loyal British subjects, would jolt the British Parliament to take the necessary action in India. Failure in this mission led to the realization of the true nature of colonial rule of Britain as articulated by DadaBhai Naoroji’s ‘Drain theory’ in economic terms.
    Post Indian Council Act 1891 the moderates gained the ability to scrutinize the budget and used it as an effective tool to highlight British excesses and lack of educational spending to the masses through the use of the press. This contradiction was crystalized in the Swadeshi movement and was articulated against the partition of Bengal within the colonialism framework. This was the seed time in the Indian National movement and it was at this time inculcation process was completed.
    The maintenance of this contradiction as the fundamental platform for all political interlocution in the Gandhian period asserts its significance as the raison d`etre of the INM. Furthermore attempts at shaking this foundation by fomenting divisive forces such as propping Hindu-Muslim contradictions, caste and linguistic variables as an attempt to counter the INM and its chief proponent the INC by the British supports the claim. However this was dealt with effectively such accommodation of Ambedkar in the Poona Pact or the Muslim league in the Lucknow pact.

  3. Ananya Basu says:

    “The Indian national movement was basically the product of the central contradiction between colonialism and the interests of the Indian people.” Explain.(250 Words)
    The Indian national movement had so many facets that it is difficult to say what actually was it’s nature. No doubt it was about resentment of the colonialism, the economic drain from India to England, the secondary treatment to indigenous products, the imposition of Christianity in the otherwise reluctant and orthodox Hindus and Muslims, the interference in religious practices and the insensitivity shown to them, biased payment for Indian and British soldiers of the same rank so on and so forth.
    The colonialism and imperialistic policies of the British were not taken kindly in India as anywhere else in the world.to what they called “ the white man’s burden ”was actually a burden not only on the land but also on it’s people and their individual aspirations.no doubt that British policies were successful in removing the cobwebs of unjust practices like sati, untouchability etc and ushered in an intellectual generation which combined religion with science, encouraged women’s education, promoted rational thinking and also ushered in infrastructure development.
    No colony can maintain the interests of the local people as the basis for colonialism is exploring distant lands for trade and exploitation of resources so that the mother country benefits. During British rule , Indians were neglected if not totally discarded .The freedom to live on their own , the freedom to do and speak as one wishes was gone. Everything had to be in tandem with the British policies. Indian national leaders only channelized this resentment to achieve freedom for India.

  4. Rizwan says:

    1“The Indian national movement was basically the product of the central contradiction between colonialism and the interests of the Indian people.” Explain.

    Colonialism includes process of exploitation by one country on other countries resources in one or the other ways.British through its vested interest has been responsible for exploitation of India on all dimensions-social,political,economical.Nationalism as an ideology grows due to dissentment and sufferings of the people on the foreign rule.
    On political front,The legislative policies of British namely Indian councils act 1892 where people demand for Indian entry in legislative assembly has been responsible for emergence of Moderates on main stage and the disarray in implementation of the act through soft measure led to emergence of Extremists.The split of Bengal as administrative decision by Curzon led to severe protests in most parts of the country and the idea of ‘Swaraj’ has been declared for the first time which sowed the initial seeds of Nationalism in Indian people .The real motive of the decision is supression of extremists and moderates.On the similiar lines,major reforms like Minto Morely reforms and Montague chelmsford reforms ,Govt of India act have been designed by british which were differed by Nationalist leaders.This series of events have been base for seeking of Self Governance,Dominion status ,Partition and Complete Independence.

    On economical front,the dissentment between masses and the govt have been witnessed primarily due to Land revenue policies,Insufficient Budget,lack of infrastructure building,unemloyment,Trade policies ,Salt laws etc.These were visible in various peasant movements,civil disobedience movements and tribal movements.

    On Social front,the agitation between masses and the govt has been wide like demand for communal electorate,depressed classes,lower caste movements,forsest policies affecting the tribes,Indian army regiments etc which have affected the sentiments and social base of the society.
    Also the British particiaption in WW1 and WW2 though has been protested by Indian nationalist leaders initially but later they were supported due to concessions given by the govt like self government,dominion status demands.
    It was a blessing in disquise that colonial policies which were designed for welfare of indians has been responsible for oubreak of nationalist thought in the minds of Indians.
    Considering these dimensions,we can clearly say the feeling of Nationalism has aroused due to contradiction of colonial policy and people and India should thank the masses for their sacrifices and sufferings in achieving the freedom

  5. kailash says:

    DAY44 question 1 The beginning of national movement lay in understanding the basic contradictions and divergence of Indian and British interest.initially Indians believed in sense of justice and fair play from British.they believed that association with British would further Indian interest. they thought slowly development and self rule would ensue. However it dawned on them that British were unwilling to concede any of the demands. They found that British rule was not progressive as it pitted one community against another ( divide and rule). Further poverty unemployment under development famine became the characteristic of colonial rule. The early nationalist attributed these to deliberate colonial policies causing deindustrialisation and destruction of native industries along with exorbitant land revenue collection.
    Deliverance from this bondage they felt lies in severance of subservient economic and political ties with British. Classic examples of exploitative colonial policies were railways as a exploitative tool rather as a developmental tool hollow constitutional reforms with responsiblity without real power. Nationalist realised this state of affair s would improve only if they took state of affairs in their own hands I.e.to say British must quit India.the seed of nationalism thus lay in realisation of these divergent interest.

  6. ashok says:

    Q “The Indian national movement was basically the product of the central contradiction between colonialism and the interests of the Indian people.” Explain.(250 Words)

    In one perspective the indian national movement was a gradual precipitation of clash of economic political and social interests of the people of india with colonialism. The colonialism adopted different strategies in different phases of its operation in india and the people of india accordingly adopted different means of expression for the contradiction.

    In 1857 revolt the people of india though not in mass level but in a limited level fought against the colonial ideology political annexation and religious apathetical attitude for the hindus and muslims. The medieval india attempted to restore itself against the growing military policies of the east india company.
    The tribals movements had at its root the economic stress caused by forced agricultural practices, interference with their forest rights and forced displacement generating huge stress in their social and economic life.
    Similarly the initial phase of indian national congress under moderates clearly displayed the economic exploitation of indian resources, dismantling of indian cottage industry by selective discrimination of tariff structure thereby infusing general resentment in people against the british goods as evident later on in boycott and swedeshi movements
    .
    In the days of world wars, the socialism and trade unionism and socialist parties vehemently brought this contradiction with colonialism in the democratic processes of protest, demand and general election thereby discovering the exploitative face before the masses.. The boycott of british goods was one of the central tool of Gandhi ji’s mass satyagraha like Dandi salt satyagraha represented the general unrest against the exploitative face of colonial power. The Extremist and terrorists element also openly supported the scourage of economic exploitation of indian industry and resources and popularized the anti british attitude. The right wing ideologies like RSS and Hindumahasabha also showed economic and cultural antagonism for colonialism.
    Thus we find that all diverse elements of indian freedom struggle coming from different strata of society though had internal diffrernces but had consensual confluence on the exploitative character of colonialism in india..

  7. ashok says:

    hi Insights…..please see this sir…and give your views

  8. Abhilash says:

    Q: “The Indian national movement was basically the product of the central contradiction between colonialism and the interests of the Indian people.” Explain

    A: East India company which started off a trading firm soon developed military, administrative and political wings and was able to capture a substantial portion of the Indian subcontinent. However the british government aware about the events, was quick to take control of the company and by the charter act of 1859, put the final nail in the coffin of company. And India officially became a fully fledged British colony. Colonialism implies political, economic, and often cultural subjugation of a country to advance the interests of the colonial power in pursuit of well defined objectives.

    Hence colonialism was in direct conflict with the Indian interests. It was used as a vehicle to reduce India from a country contributing almost a quarter of world GDP to a pauperised, famished, backward nation whose whole function in the context of global economy was one of supplier of cheap labour, raw materials and market of factory goods. The contradictions were clear:
    1. Land revenue policies were directed to amass wealth for the colonial masters by extracting unsustainable taxes.
    2. Introduction of cash crops were a major reason for the widescale famines which wiped out a good fraction of the Indian masses.
    3. Indian textile industry was literally targeted and ruined by the British. Heavy import duties in Britain on indian finished products and duty free arrival of cheap goods meant paupersiation of textile industry.
    4. And the very concept of alien subjugation was contradictory to the idea of Indian nationalism.

    With the spread of western education, educated Indians got infected of French Revolution and its ideas of Liberty, Fraternity and Equality, inspired by the American independence movement and its Bill of Rights. The education gave them the motivation as well as legal tools to lay the foundation of organised Indian National Movement. The Bolshevik Revolution and transformation of Soviet Union was a huge inspiration against the colonial regime. The economists like DadaBhai Naoroji were instrumental in bringing out these contradictions clearly in layman’s terms.

    As more and more Indians could see through the ulterior motives of the British and use of even so called “beneficial steps” like Railways, foreign capital to further the cause of British in India, the British claims of them acting as agents of “White Man’s Burden” proved unsustainable. Gandhiji was instrumental in using these contradictions to mobilise people.

    To sum up, Indian National Movement was the culmination and expression of central contradiction between colonialism and the interests of the Indian people.

    I request the moderator to please review the answer.

    • Abhilash says:

      Hi all,
      Wonderful forum. We should evaluate each other’s answers to ease the pressure from moderator. Somebody please review my answer. :)

    • Aditya Jha says:

      Hi Abhilash,
      Good answer. But a few suggestions:
      1. Try not to cross the word limit as in this answer(411 words). You would not be able to find time for answering all the questions.
      2. Avoid numerals as much as you can in any essay type of questions. The rationale behind this is to show your comprehensiveness and flow of thought process while adhering to the word limit.
      3. Introduction need not explain the rise of colonialism as it is not the concern of the question and also eats up your valuable time and space.\
      Thanks

  9. ashok says:

    hii anyone please evaluate n comment on my answer…Asha ji or any one here plss

  10. sujit1989 says:

    “The Indian national movement was basically the product of the central contradiction between colonialism and the interests of the Indian people.” Explain.(250 Words)

    Any issue can be seen in the defined frame of reference. The frame of reference directs us towards the conclusion. During Indian national movement, Indian people thought they were fighting for social, economic and political prejudices caused upon them by colonial power. These thoughts were guided by two components: One was history and other the contemporary politics. On the one hand Indian people were deprived of social, political and economic freedom they enjoyed earlier; on the other hand they were also aspiring to see the progressive development in India which was already happening elsewhere in the world.
    Indian handmade cloths were ruling the world when British came to India. By the time, they got political power; Indian textile industry lost the ground and millions of weavers became jobless. British filled Indian market with cloths made in British industries. Similarly, various tribal communities had to flee the forest because British wanted wood for making railway lines which was being developed primarily to collect materials for feeding industries in Britain and dump Indian market with British products. Thus Indians had to give up something for the gain of British.
    Britisher’s attempt to transform education system and social practices was quite often derogatory in nature at the same time these were guided by a feeling of cultural supremacy.
    Most of the movements were primarily aimed at political concessions because political power can affect economic and social interest, of people being governed, dramatically. When Indians were fighting to get the political power, Colonial govt. was denying them continuously to retain the economic benefit.
    Thus we can see that the Indian national movement was basically the product of the central contradiction between colonialism and the interest of Indian people.

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