Civil Services Examination – A Perspective

Civil Services Examination – A perspective

Aditya Jha

The ever-changing pattern of Civil Services Examination has put the aspirants in a fix. The recent changes introduced in Mains 2013 examination question-paper prove the futility of following any one particular strategy to tackle the exams.  As revealed by conversations, many have called this year’s paper “Easy and Predictable”. However, It was only fair that many questions were predictable, as it was clearly stated in the Civil Services Notification 2013 that, “The nature and standard of questions in the General Studies papers (Paper II to Paper V) will be such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study.” But, before being judgmental, one must understand that it is never about ‘Questions’, it is about the ‘Answers’ written in exam conditions within the prescribed time limit.

To analyse an issue critically, come up with a structure for the answer and then finally write it on paper under pressure would normally require more than ‘seven’ minutes. And, who knows whether next year it may be 30-35 questions instead of 25 this year? Or only 5 questions of 50 marks(1000 words) each?

When you write in a haste in the examination, no matter how much you have read, your real understanding would be reflected in the paper. Selection thus depends not on the quantity you write, but the quality you produce. Only a prior in-depth understanding of issues will allow you to write “relevant, meaningful and succinct answers” in the examination hall. With an in-depth understanding you will be able to handle any type and any number of questions regardless of its difficulty level. And, this is what the UPSC expects in the candidates, as the UPSC Chairman revealed in 3rd UPSC Lectures on Governance and Public Services, 2011- “I would like to make it very clear that the endeavor of the Commission is to ensure that all the candidates are judged on the basis of in-depth knowledge and understanding rather than information gathered at the last moment.”

But, from UPSC’s point of view, in-depth knowledge means multidimensional knowledge. It is the ability to connect across topics, inter-relate them and find a meaning out of the multiple dimensions. It is the ability to comprehend and consolidate your wide readings without any bias in mind. It is not deep and technical knowledge about a ‘particular’ topic. These are the most important traits of an administrator, which the UPSC is looking for. Therefore, the eternal question is how to build this kind of understanding?

This article intends to answer the same question. It is divided into two parts and would contain several illustrations to clarify its message.

Framework of Mind

The first question that you may ask is what do multiple Dimensions mean?

UPSC expects you to look at issues from Social, Political, Economic, Ecological, International, Administrative, Ethical, Legal and Security dimensions. What exactly do each mean is explained below with an illustration.

The following question appeared in Mains 2013 GS Paper-I “It is said that India has substantial reserves of Shale Oil and gas, which can feed the needs of the country for quarter century. However, tapping the resources does not appear high on the agenda. Discuss critically the availability and issues involved.”

As per available data, six basins – Cambay (in Gujarat), Assam-Arakan (in the North-East), Gondawana (in central India), KG onshore (in Andhra Pradesh), Cauvery onshore and Indo-Gangetic basins, hold shale gas potential.

If you observe these areas, especially the Indo-Gangetic basins, they are fertile and cropped lands. The livelihoods of many farmers depend on their fields. But, extracting shale gas would mean that these fertile areas would have to be vacated and land be acquired. This would affect farmers who will be displaced so that the energy needs of other sections of society be fulfilled. This is what it means to look from the social dimension. You observe the effect on different classes of society. A class is a section of society which bear similar characteristics, e.g. farmers, women, children, rich, poor, tribal, SC, ST, literate, illiterate etc. Looking from this point of view is very important for an administrator so as to ensure “Social Justice”. It means no one section of society should suffer from injustice.

Besides affecting the ‘livelihoods’ of farmers, who would have to be resettled and rehabilitated; it may reduce the overall food production; it would supplement our energy requirements; reduce our import bill and dependence on foreign supplies; generate new jobs in shale gas sector etc. These cover the economic dimension.  In this, you observe the effect on the nation’s economy, both internal and external. Internal means domestic economy with special focus on employment, inclusive growth, development, poverty, budgetary constraints like fiscal deficit, infrastructure etc. Here also you should try to analyse it to ensure “Economic Justice”.

Moreover, acquiring lands, resettling and rehabilitating farmers would be fraught with practical challenges. They include protests, dharna, strikes, finding jobs for the farmers, choosing a new place to resettle them etc. These cover the administrative dimension. Here you observe the practical difficulties in executing or implementing a national policy/law/rules/regulations etc. You should naturally acquire the skill to look from this dimension to be a successful administrator.

One would also find that extracting shale gas economically requires advanced technology possessed only by the United States. It is not possessed by India. It has to therefore import this technology from the U.S. It was in news that the U.S. wants to make this sharing of technology a give-and-take deal. It would like India to make several concessions on the bilateral trade front or on India’s stand in climate negotiations. Therefore, extracting shale gas also covers international constraints which may affect India’s foreign policy towards the U.S. This is what it means to look from the international dimension. Here you observe the international constraints and effects in fulfilment of domestic policies/plans/priorities etc. You would have definitely noted the WTO dimension in implementing the Food Security Act,2013.

Moving ahead, the technology that is used for extracting shale gas is not environment friendly. Hydraulic fracturing technology for extracting shale gas requires huge amount of water. In a country which is water scarce and facing growing urbanization, rising population and increasing water pollution, it will be difficult to supply this quantity of water. Besides, hydraulic fracturing of sedimentary rocks containing shale gas, pollutes groundwater amid this scarcity. It may also cause minor earthquakes. These cover the ecological dimension. Here, you observe the effects on natural resources and on the environment. Special focus should be on sustainable development, pollution, conservation of natural resources, bio-diversity etc.

You may not have noted, but this issue also has a political and ethical dimension. Most of the farmers in the region are poor and they have little political voice. It is possible that their lands may be acquired more easily than those of the rich and powerful farmers. Even if they have political representation, they are politically neglected. The most they can do is to arrange protests, dharnas, strikes etc. For, this is the only way to put forward their demands. They can not meet the political representatives as easily and frequently as business men and their lobbies do. For instance, you would have noted a news report where many poor farmers were agitating outside the Karnataka Legislative Assembly recently for their demands. This is the political dimension. Actually, “political” is a very broad word. Whenever you hear this term, the following things should strike your mind. Right of free speech and expression; political representation in legislature (Centre, states) and local bodies; political voice and outreach; awareness about political rights; formation of unions (e.g. trade union); etc. Of course, the political constraints like coalition, political will are also a part of it.

After discussing nearly every dimension, ethical dimension deserves mention. When a class of society is displaced to fulfil the needs of others like the urbanized, industries etc. – ethical issues arise. Is it right to destroy the livelihoods of many famers so as to find a source of energy which would be possibly not used by they themselves? Or is right to abandon the energy security of the whole nation for the sake of some thousand farmers? Whose rights are more important in a society? What do we give primacy to – economic interests of the country or individual interests of farmers? Besides, the manner in which they are displaced, resettled and rehabilitated also raises ethical issues. Was their consent taken? Was force used to displace them? Etc. These and other are some difficult questions to answer. But, administrators more often than not grapple with these ethical dilemmas.  Therefore, you must be able to see the ethical dimension of these issues also.

Finally, you would observe that many of these issues are conflicting in nature. And, you would need to take a decision whether to go for shale gas extraction or not? UPSC demands : “The questions are likely to test the candidate’s basic understanding of all relevant issues, and ability to analyze, and take a view on conflicting socio- economic goals, objectives and demands” We have understood the basic issues, analyzed them, but still have not arrived at a final view on these conflicting socio-economic goals. In order to do this, you must be aware of the state of our nation and its priorities. It includes understanding our basic economic needs, socio-cultural norms, geographical coverage of resources and the ultimate vision of the Indian constitution. Therefore, you will be able to arrive at a reasonable stand only when you have a holistic or comprehensive understanding of  India.

Tackling The Complexity

All of this sounds very complex. Keeping so many dimensions in mind with all the facts, concepts, values etc. is indeed difficult. And, this is one of the most common problems faced by aspirants. How to acquire, process and produce so much information critically and analytically?

Individuals have different methods of reading, but the mental or neural processes of retrieving, storing, processing and reproducing information is nearly the same for every human being. The following discussion would help in understanding your mind and tackle this complexity.

Many aspirants enjoy reading voraciously and quickly. But, this habit may not work if you have to get an in-depth understanding of issues. At best, you would get a superficial or uni-dimensional understanding of issues.

The way of handling this is to read less, think more and apply even more. Read slowly so that your mind can ‘grasp’ the information not only for remembering but also for inter-linking. The reason is that even if your eyes can move very quickly, your mind can not. Neural processes are very slow. And, the whole process of receiving, processing and storing information takes a lot of time if it is to be remembered forever and to be reproduced immediately. You must stop while reading and think over and over on an issue.

The basics that you read should be in your mind all the time so that you can cross-link them with whatever you read. At times, you would feel that you have understood a particular issue, but can’t interlink it with other issues. This is because you have only understood an issue and have not absorbed it.  Reading, understanding and absorbing are three different stage of getting information. Absorption of information or a concept requires some more time. It happens sub-consciously and not consciously. It means that you may not even realize it. It is similar to learning dance, music, sports etc. You must be able to internalize this knowledge. It should become a part of you.

When you sleep, the information and concepts that you have gained consciously slowly get absorbed in your sub-conscious mind. The more slowly you would have read and the more thinking you would have given to  particular issues, the easier would it become for your brain to absorb it while sleeping. Do not read so much that your brain can not absorb. Whenever you feel saturated, take a break and allow your brain to absorb the information. A short nap or walk is the best way to desaturate your mind and to allow the information to be absorbed.

Why is all this important? Because, it would help you directly in the exams. Information absorbed subconsciously would automatically flow from your mind while writing even without stressing your mind. Your answers would automatically get a structure, logical flow and would have depth. This is what exactly is required in the examination hall.

You must combine this with the initiatives “Secure 2014” and “Daily Answer Writing Challenge” to gain complete command over your thinking and writing skills. Only with consistent practice and hard work would you be able to crack this examination in any of its patterns or forms.

Finally, you must understand that this examination is very different from others. UPSC is looking for well-educated people to serve the highest echelons of administration in India. And, you should really be ‘educated’ and not merely ‘learned’ to crack this examination. This means to make your mind such as to become multi-dimensional, unbiased and highly analytical. UPSC is looking for original thinkers, who can express themselves clearly and concisely.

The following quote by Tryon Edwards would best sum up what the UPSC wants, would help you to understand the word well-educated, and would always guide you in your preparation.

“The great end of education is, to discipline rather than to furnish the mind, to train it to the use of its own powers, rather than fill it with the accumulations of others.”

 

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73 Comments

Filed under CSAT, ESSAY, GENERAL STUDIES, IAS, INSIGHTS, UPSC, UPSC IAS GS strategy

73 responses to “Civil Services Examination – A Perspective

  1. sruthi.y

    Aditya sir… really thank you for showing a path to a lot of aspirants…..
    thank you so much sir

  2. Mind blowing analysis Aditya..keep writing and enrich us..All the best!!

  3. Krushi Mundla

    Hi, 

    That’s a good analysis but how do we put it into 200 words is the question. I ll put down what I have written, do go through and if you can, please put down what you would have written, thanks.

    Shale gas is being considered as the alternative for natural gas and is extremely beneficial if we can extract the reserves that we have. It is expected that India has good quantity of reserves in Gulf of Cambay, KG basin and Cauvery basin, however there are many issues involved in extraction of shale gas. 1. The reserves that are expected to be present in India may not be the actual numbers and if they are lower than the expected, then the economies of scale may not work out 2.India has to dependent on U.S for technology, which may or may not be feasible economically for India. 3. India has been making huge investments in renewable energy and any investment into shale gas will be on curtailing that investment on those investments, which may not be the right as the reseves are only limited.  4. The process of extraction of shale gas which is called fracking is considered to have several issues such as contamination of water, seismic effects, release of methane and involves huge wastage of water,  this raises serious questions if it is actually beneficial and sustainable.  It has been banned in France and protests are going on in UK. 5. Considering all these even though it is beneficial India should only go for shale gas extraction only on further assessments on availability and the process. However, we shouldn’t curtail our investments on renewable energies should explore PPP models.

    Sent from Samsung Mobile on O2

  4. I was expecting your views on upsc exam after mains13. Very well summed up. Best of luck for your future journey and thnx Inside for making possible the idea of cooperation to compete. This is very much useful for 2014 aspirants like me.

  5. Zenia

    Beautifully explained & elaborated! :)
    Thanks a ton for sharing these strategies Vinay sir, and Aditya sir for writing this! I don’t think somebody else would have given these pointers(& other strategies) so liberally! This is really going to help fresher’s like me, in building a strong foundation during early stages of preparation! :)
    I am so glad to discover this site! :)

  6. This is one of the best articles of your site. A very important aspect of UPSC exam (answer writing) explained very very well with an apt example. This article will surely change the way I look at whatever I’m reading from today.

    Sir, Im really so much indebted to you and your team. I have learned a lot from this website and infact have been continuously learning even now. This article inspite of being very important and core strategy for our preparation cannot be found in any coaching books,guides or websites. Thanks a lot for taking time and writing this beautiful article. As i’m also preparing while working, i’m unable to participate in answer writing posts etc but I wish to do so soon and contribute to this site.

    Now, tell me how many of you started reading slow when you the sentence “Read slowly so that your mind can ‘grasp’”. I surely did read slowly from this point :-) and also not only that, my mind started to interlink relevant things when I read the word ‘inter-linking’ from this article :-). I can call this impact of Insights article :-) Hope I take this forward into my preparation and continue to do so.

    My sincere thanks to Vinay Sir.

    • sorry Aditya, I thought it is from Vinay..Anyway My sincere thanks to you too..and All the best for your further preparation..

      Thanks Vinay sir for postng this :-)

      • Thanks should go to Vinay Sir. :) Had he not been there, perhaps we would not have even got a chance to talk to each other, leave alone sharing ideas.

        • Absolutely true Aditya. This initiative of Vinay Sir’s has given us a great platform to share our ideas and learn a lot from other aspirant. Though once again many thanks to you for this amazing article. Will surely help me a lot :-)

  7. Karthikeyan V

    Awesome Analysis !!!!!!!! :)

  8. Sarita

    Thanks Aditya, for such a beautiful explanation to crack the puzzle called UPSC.

  9. Tj

    Sir u said tht neural process is slow nd v should focus more on grasping bt won’t it take lot of time to do so provided tht v should go through a particular reading thrice to keep it on our fingertips.
    Also while reading slowly concentration is lost in every half n hour in my case nd i loose track of wht i ws reading so wht could be the best strategy t combine both the requirement i.e. grasping the concept and completing topic in due time

    • Tj,

      Slow here means the speed which you are comfortable with. There is no defined slow speed of reading like 50-150 words a minute. It depends from person to person.

      If you do not grasp a topic when you are reading it, you will have to revise it again and again. I have heard people saying that they have revised the syllabus 3-4 times. Thats too tedious, time taking and at times you get nervous given the volume of information that it there. Read at a comfortably slow speed and think over it for quite longer. It would certainly take more time .But, it would help to remember for long even without writing.or revising it. Time should never be a factor in reading a topic. Give it the time it deserves. A full year is ahead of you.

      It is not a race against time, but against understanding.

  10. Akand Sitra

    Wow!! Beautiful analysis aditya. :)
    Nobody could have put it in a much better way. Strategy to write a beautiful answer is the key aspect to crack this exam, and this article gives a great insight to address the same.
    Wish you and all the other readers of this website a best of luck. :)

  11. nikhil

    well thats a good article wrote mains this year but i realize covering the economic and u.s.a issue forgot completely about the social aspect…

  12. jack sparrow

    Thank you

  13. vivekupsc

    Thanks Aditya sir for sharing a good example to explain your point. I had read this suggestion earlier i.e. the need to elaborate our opinion through various dimensions. This example gave me more clarity on how to implement it in a real UPSC question.

    Thank you!

  14. You people are gems of this site… again a wonderful article in front of my eyes.. Thanks Aditya and team..Hope I’ll join soon with you guys.. with my mischievous and satanic brain.. ;-)

  15. dr NAVEEN

    thanx aditya, for this wonderful article
    I am sure u gonna rock this year
    on your advice, i have brought” word power ” and started reading

  16. Mohit

    Excellent article Aditya!! The way you have analyzed the needs of the entire Mains exam with the example of only one question is truly amazing. If you have written Mains 2013, I sincerely hope from the bottom of my heart that you come at least in the top 100. On a different note, could you tell me if you stay in Mumbai? I stay there and would love to meet you. I believe a face-to-face meeting if it is possible, would be more helpful than just interacting online.

    Cheers!

  17. prerna

    @ Insights and the Team

    Sir we people are seriously indebted to you for every single help and information you are providing us :) HATS OFF TO INSIGHTS :)

  18. Jics

    Thank u Aditya Sir & Vinay Sir…
    Really a very good article helping us to improve our analysing skills in line with what UPSC demands.Explaining with the example has made things clear.

  19. Rukhsana

    Excellent article Aditya….it solved many queries related answer writing….thanks a lot….and All the best for future…..

  20. Madhu Baabu

    a great article by Aditya Sir. wonderful and Brainstorming tips provided

    billion thanks

  21. Sir, I am an Admin.Officer in GIC, a tight schedule of work in office. I am preparing for 201 4 mains, literally confused with the diversified strategies, as a new and powerful start what should be the first step,.. I seek your valuable advice

  22. I have read in one of the interviews of successful candidates, and if my memory is working fine I think she was from Chandigarh and had qualified in CSE very recently, she mentioned about this “multidimensional” way of analyzing very emphatically. Thank you Aditya for giving such an impeccable and clear illustration of this little understood word and it’s relevance for CSE preparation. Again a token of thousand thanx from this humble admirer of this “unique and stunningly simple website”, or that “little understood word” would have remained just that, at least for me.

  23. *** “unique and stunningly simple” site

  24. Jaguar

    brilliant article!! you have deciphered the enigma that is the civil service exam in one shot. The syllabus looks much more logical and sensible after reading this analysis. It feels like something clicked into its place right now. Wonderful….and thanks a lot for sharing this!!

  25. Prasoon Kaushik

    Whenever I visit insights I search for your writing. Not to seek any information or something rather to appreciate the authority and boldness of your writing style. Indeed impressive.

    All the best Aditya :) Phod do 2013.

  26. Satish Chandra

    All the best Aditya. your article is of immense help. I have been following your answers on this blog. They are succinct, to the point and multi- dimensional, covering all the aspects. Your way of writing is worth emulating. The strategy of answer writing exemplified through this article is an eye opener. Please share your E mail ID. would love to stay in touch with you.

  27. aaru

    Excellent analysis, Aditya!
    I sincerely hope you pass the exam with flying colours :)

  28. Santosh Gupta

    Very Helpful and informative Aditya :-) As usually your article is of immense help. Succinct, Multi-Dimensional, Insightful Article – Trademark Aditya :-)

    I am in total consonance with you. It is not the questions, but that exam environment and pressure of time is what really matters.

    I myself knew all these points (thanks to Daily Answer Writing Challenge) but while answering this question in the exam hall, the pressure of attempting as much as we can and pressure + fear of losing out on some question/point makes you do some ‘unforced errors’.

    After retrospection I would share following experience:
    1. Don’t feel that the paper was easy (as a famous saying goes in competitive exams, Paper is always GOOD, neither easy nor tough), think of the time constraint and exam environment in which you have to write the answer (caution and attention specially to people who have not appeared for mains this time and feel that such an easy paper – ‘Mai to phod deta yaar’, ask yourself can you write 50-60 odd pages in exam pressure with all relevant points :-) if answer is yes, I bow to you)
    2. As Insights Sir say – PRACTICE, PRACTICE and PRACTICE answer writing.
    3. While reading about the subject itself try to visualize its socio-economic-environmental aspect and make a small two-liner as your own genuine view about that topic. It helps in two regards – Firstly it gives that UNIQUENESS to your answer (very important to get that elusive extra mark) and Secondly it helps you in recalling that topic in exam environment without much thinking about that (remember you won’t have luxury to think 2-3 minutes before writing the answer, your brain should work fast – 10-15 secs for point recollection, next 15-20 secs for structuring of answer and then just start answering). For working fast your brain need PRACTICE.
    4.This year’s paper has shown 4 types of attempts:
    a. Who attempted a lot of questions without much relevant points.
    b. Who knew most of answers but could not attempt enough questions because of poor time management and whatever they attempted are not of good quality answers because of an all time pressure of attempting more and more.
    c.Who attempted few questions with utmost quality but not enough attempts.
    d. Who attempted optimal number of questions with mostly good quality answers and others of average quality.

    This is to re-iterate that to achieve third category, we need to Study hard & smart and Practice harder & smarter.

    • Excellent article Aditya! This is the one I read on your blog, but nvr knew till now dat it’s posted here too with som xtra insights!
      Agreeing with Santosh above, I’ll also say dat one who could recall all/max possible aspects of each issue in exam hall & put it logically in 200 wrds & attempt upto 23/24 qns really deserves to be BOWED to! :D One tends to miss out due to the pressure of attempting qns @ rate of 7 mins per answer!
      I get a feeling from d main that category 4 or point d above will land one at the top without doubt. Also, I like the point saying the difference between ‘educated’ & ‘learned’. 2014 aspirants will be flooded with ‘learnings’ at this rate soon!

      • ITTEFAQUE ALAM SYED

        Amrita your analysis is very fine
        if you permit i want to share some ideas to you on civil service exam in magic and funny style
        i am preparing it for more than 2 years

        9931324829

  29. carie

    Thank u sir….it s really importan to know the technique to crack dis exam….😊

  30. PONCHANDRAN

    Sir ,awesome answer…if you can spare your time can you pls post the answers which you wrote in mains in a similar multi-dimensional view…it would be very useful for us to learn to think in a way you’re thinking….

    • Ponachandran,

      I was not able to include the ethical dimension in the examination due to paucity of time., but i did include the social, economic, administrative, international and political dimension in the exam.

      I am working on a document which would contain similar multi-dimensional answers. Will release it soon for the benefit of aspirants.

      But, you should also know that there is no one best way of thinking or answering. It should only be multi-dimensional and can be thought and presented in different ways.

  31. ANCHIKA

    Very helping..thanks a lot..SIR can you please tell me how to conclude this answer..extraction of shale gas would be viable or not…

    • This decision should ideally made only after a rigorous statistical survey, research and analysis. Making a decision in the examination hall by only looking at some dimensions is like shooting in the air.

      However, you should take a balanced stand or conclude with the views of any committee or commission that may have reviewed this shale gas project. As you will not always find committees, a balanced stand like this would work, ” Even though shale gas holds enormous potential for the nation’s energy security, its extraction should only be undertaken after ‘due’ consideration of all factors, especially the livelihoods of the displaced farmers.”

  32. himanshu

    probably one of the best post ever on this blog, the way you summed up the nitty-gritty details is awesome,
    and i would call this post a gem from UPSC samudramanthan

  33. ASHUTOSH PANDEY

    the million dollar article sir…… GOOD ANALYSIS of this article can be converted to BEST STRATEGY for becoming a GREAT ADMINISTRATOR
    Best part(according to me) of this article is that it provides HOW TO THINK… i.e. reading-understanding-ABSORBING
    As i have just started my preparation and searched a lot of websites , googled a lot of questions REGARDING STRATEGIES for preparation but every article provides that “you have to think about what you read” but doesn’t provides “how to think” but here i got this answer.
    thank you SIR

  34. doddabasappa

    good approach sir

  35. sonu kumar

    most of the basins are owned by GOI(except indo-gangetic). there cannot be any social or ethical dimensions to this qusetion. the answer should deal with only the technical and the environmental aspects. please clearify.

    • patel

      Thats ok. But stills he gave one of the best way to handle a question. Bhavnaao ko samjho. (Translating for my south indian bros…..please understand the feeling. :-) )

  36. Aditya sir.. very nice article.. thank you for enlightening us. All the best. :)

  37. ITTEFAQUE ALAM SYED

    fine article called in simply nothing but the best
    it clears many doubts and give us more tricks to tackle UPSC AND SPECIALLY IAS
    Thanx

    9931324829

  38. ankit

    thanx for d analysis……

  39. pasha

    This website is comprehensive and has assemblage information. I would like to thanks this website for providing us the strategies to crack UPSC exam.

  40. ROSHAN

    life changing article….will change the way one read things..
    “HATS OFF TO U SIR”
    THANKS A TON..

  41. Aakash

    I rarely used to go to the links like the one mentioned above guiding the aspirants to prepare for the examination. This is the reason I did not look on this link before this day. However, taking a break from my stuff I just hovered over this link and to my surprise, I felt that I would have a lost a great deal had I missed reading this stuff.

    I gave the mains this year, but to my surprise I would say that the way Mr. ___________ has described the problem of Shale gas was astounding.

    Lastly, what I would conclude is that INSIGHTS is not just another initiative flooding the internet, rather it is a initiative that will help the nation as it is making the competition more and more tough and at the same time it is making sure that the best of best candidates may serve the country in the best of their spirits.

    Thanks INSIGHT.

    Cheers,
    Aakash

  42. anandagupta1986

    Thank you sir! Your thoughts inspired my soul!

  43. Loved reading this. Many thanks. I was always worried about my slow reading speed. I feel better about it now. :)

  44. Divya Madhuri

    Its really helpful, thank you sir.

  45. Deep Sharma

    Really helpful and beautifuly written.
    Approach for learning and absorbing is the one I believe but could not followed as I felt it wastes time. But now I think it is very important to think about the topics which we read.
    Very Very Thanks !!

  46. renu barthwal

    thank u for such a nice article nd really insight page is very usefull to me nd other aspirant .because my medium of writing is hindi so i do not post answer here but i still write down ques nd practice offline again thanks

  47. Docleo

    Thnx for providing such information, especially for such aspirants who are working towards achieving success on their own….. definitely it is an important aspect of an beurocrat to look upon each n every aspect of lives of very common people of…. nice to connect with such site which is working with thousands of aspirants like me towards achieving their goal….. again Thnx a lot…… regards.

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