Insights Weekend Discussions – Week Twelve

Welcome to the Twelfth edition of Insights Weekend Discussions. You can access details of last Eleven discussions here.

And the topic is:

Should India take initiative and destroy its nuclear  stockpile ?

India has asserted that it would follow ‘no-first-use’ policy when it comes to use of nuclear weapons and it would solely use the nuclear weapons for deterrence. But, possession of nuclear stock-piles are always dangerous. Some countries like Germany, Japan (post-Fukushima disaster) have announced that they would shut down their nuclear reactors in the near-future.

With the discussion of ‘nuclear-free world’ and ‘world peace’ across the globe, should India take up the initiative to destroy its nuclear stock-piles? What are the possible repercussions with such an initiative? What other alternatives can India look for (apart from relying on Nuclear energy)?

The ‘site’ is yours.

32 Responses

  1. jithin says:

    India can go for destruction of nuclear stock pile only if all the other major powers especially its two neighbours are ready to destroy their nuclear weapons . The threat of nuclear weapons with non nuclear states like north korea and the possibility of passing the technology to non state actors are also to be considered . Nuclear weapons is a deterent for wars as shown by the cold war experience , atleast in the short run .

    But once a nuclear attack occurs , it will be catastrophic. So india what India should do is to convince the world nations especially US and Russia to phase out their nuclear weapon stock and others will follow .India can’t take the first step since
    1. both China and Pakistan has not declared any ‘no first use policy’ and both have a hostile track record with India.
    2. we have a small stock pile possibly a 1/ 80 th of what Russia and US have.
    3. The status of a nuclear power will help India maintain Independent stance on global issues.

  2. Prachi says:

    India has always been a firm advocate of panchsheel. India did not conduct nuclear tests for a very long time even though it had all the necessary know how, it was the fact that Pakistan came to possess nuclear weapons, India had to brace herself up, in order to keep Pakistan at bay.
    India believes in a world free from weapons of mass destruction, and it has on many occasions in international forums proposed for total disarmament.
    India’s possession of nuclear power has made the world to sit up and take notice, India has the aspirations to become a world power and the possession of nuclear weapons ensures that India is not seen as a soft nation

  3. Rathika says:

    To answer the question straightaway, INDIA should not destroy its nuclear stockpiles.
    India is a peace loving country which has been proved in many occasions in the past. Use of nuclear energy is for two purpose, one is to meet the countries energy need and the next one is to secure the nation from any war threats from the neighboring countries.
    To meet the energy needs of the huge population, the country cannot solely rely on the conventional energy sources alone. As nuclear energy is proved to be a clean energy, and earth cries of ozone depletion, nuclear energy is a sure alternative to fossil fuel energy sources. Considering the potential threat that the nuclear energy posses, the countries around the world should give thrust to the clean energy sources like wind, solar, tidal energy sources.
    Cold war era has proved that possession of nuclear weapons ensured war free earth. Possession of nuclear weapons restrains the neighboring countries from threatening India. Also India is clear in its stand that no first use of nuclear weapons. Taking into account the situations around the world, there wont be consensus among the countries to destroy the nuclear stock pile. Having said that, India cannot take an initiative to destroy its nuclear stockpile, as it will right away take India to Hell. So, Nature will take its own course in this case.

  4. Dhruv says:

    India should desist from abandoning her nuclear stockpile for the following two reasons:
    Nuclear energy is a neutral energy source as it gives off the same amount of carbon that it saves. This is good as it will reduce the amount of CO2 that is released from fossil fuels. This will help stop global warming. Moreover, building more nuclear plants can help expand our economy by creating more jobs. However one cannot rule out the detrimental effects of nuclear power. The unfortunate fukushima disaster which shook the conscience of the world is still fresh in our memories. However that does not mean we abandon the nuclear power completely. Fukushima disaster should act as an eye-opener and we must strive to improve the safety standards of the nuclear facilities in line with international requirements and adopt the best management practices in dealing with nuclear power. India is rightly focusing on other renewable energy sources like solar energy. A case in point is the National Solar Mission.
    2) We live in a troubled neighbourhood. There are growing security concerns emanating from neighbouring pakistan’s nuclear arsenal. Pakistan is said to be in possession of over 100 nuclear warheads which is double of India’s stockpile of over 50 warheads. There is no fool-proof assurance of how safe and secure their nuclear weapons are. Even the USA which pumps in millions of dollars for the safety of pakistans crown jewels is unaware of their location. An arrogant, assertive china poses another long term threat to India. In light of above arguments, it is vital that India maintains its status as a responsible nuclear power.

  5. rs says:

    It is not the way to avoid the problem by eliminating nuclear weapon our nucler weapon is under control of civilians and this is prepared for the self defence . Our neighbouring countries like china anad pakistan are nucler rich countroes whichich shuld dangerou for india in future because of boundry dispute our relations are not good.Before taking such initive we ara crtically think about our energy need we need lot of energy from nucler

  6. Mahendra says:

    Nuclear weapons are one of the greatest source of danger to mother Earth in present world. The nuclear armament is like a chain reaction, in which any sovereign country in trying to show its power, or in order to make itself more safe and assertive in world politics and against foreign powers, tries to get the Nuclear Power.

    Presently many countries in the world are trying to get the nuclear power, and many right now have already nuclear power. India’s become nuclear power is one of the above chain reactions, in which India decided to do obtain the nuclear certificate despite strong world opposition.

    Morally, human history is such that wars have happened, and will continue to happen in future. The greed and lust is unlimited and so is the other side of the nature i.e. love and selfless work. But, their balance becomes jeopardized when some leader in any part of the world is from the evil faction who tries to dominate the world instead of respecting the sovereignty of other nations.

    Even the concept of nation is too abstract, where, the methods of determining a particular country or state are based on the boundaries that these countries have and they no way justify why a particular country which was effectively able to maneuver its agendas and bad politics and was able to feed on the resources of other regions developed fast, while its own neighbor is extremely poor, just because a boundary line demarcates them.

    So, by introspecting the above situations, and then coming to a conclusion, we could safely say that, in no way India can become certain that if it gives up its nuclear arsenal, then other countries will follow the precedent. But, if it gives up the nuclear arsenal, then maybe it will never get back the position it holds right now in the power sharing scenario of the world. Giving away is easy, but holding a power peacefully is tougher, and in case of peaceful countries such as India, it becomes necessary to have power such as nuclear, in the contemporary world, which is extremely skewed in favor of some specific powers, and also has a lot of failed states, which are not able to cope up to run even their local governments. So, India should never give up its nuclear arsenal even if all world governments mutually agree to end it.

  7. Ankur Pandey says:

    No India cannot afford to take this initiative of nuclear disarmament considering the the risk of strategic advantage which will be gained by our hostile neighbours. Barring Germany and Japan ( post fukushima) there is no other country which has declared giving up of nuclear stock piles. And unlike India both these countries are developed countries. Thus India must stand firm on its policy of ” no first use” of the nuclear stock piles.

    Going for nuclear disarmament will have serious repurcussions on the the naitonal sovereignty and territorial integrity of the nation. Thus war is not the option as Gandhiji has said that eye for an eye will make the whole world blind. But learning from the Cuban missile crisis during the cold war the only option left is nuclear deterrance.

    Nuclear stock pile has to be used as an alternative source of energy. Nuclear enegy is being reognised in the world as clean and efficent energy for the sustainable development of the country. Hence the focuss should be more on the positive use of the Nuclear stock piles than its destructive use.

  8. Rakesh Kumar says:

    First we need to look at our power deficit country. Some of the countries which are already developed abandoning nuclear power because they have access to alternative sources of technology for producing power. Countries like US and Russia which are already developed can’t even afford to abandon nuclear energy because it not only provides clean power generation but also acts as alternative to fossil fuels. Indian in no way can afford to replace nuclear energy because India is a developing nation which is envisaged by world as a future superpower. A basic principle of development is have energy availability in every nook and corner of the country. In case India replaces it with other sources of power generation techniques then either highly sophisticated technology must be imported or rely on its traditional way of gas power plants, coal based thermal plants etc., which will not only consumes fossil fuels but also pollute environment. So it’s in India’s interest that nuclear expansion in the field of power generation is the need of the hour to.
    India is the only country in the world which is surrounded by two of its enemies which are nuclear armed. Both of the two Nuclear possessed neighbours have fought war with India in the past. Chinese aggression is the one of the cause for this which always claimed Arunachal Pradesh as its territorial land. China already had annexed most of the north eastern Ladakh region which was an Indian part prior to 1962 war. India is no match to China’s defence forces which has budget of almost five times that of Indian defence budget. India has no first use nuclear policy which is always reflects that India is a peace loving country. Pakistan is a nuisance to India since it has bigger stockpile than Indian and it could be detrimental to not only India but also other countries. Pakistan is infested by hardcore terrorist which are using It as safe shelter after NATO forces invaded Afghanistan. It could be possible terrorist get their hands on nuclear weapons. An anti Indian faction of terrorists in Pakistan could also use nuclear weapon against India.
    India need nuclear weapon for it’s sovereignty when both of its nuclear armed neighbours had war with it in the past. It is to believe that India has half of the nuclear warheads which Pakistan possess. So, there is no proliferation of nuclear warheads from Indian side, even AERB has accepted this as a fact.

  9. sandeep saxena says:

    india should not destroy its stockpile 1-minimum credential detterent is necesarry security point of view of nation and cold war will not convert in war because both side have minimum crdential D. and will not first use and not against the non nuclear country

  10. sonu verma says:

    only strength can understand the value of strength.

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