General Studies – Daily Answer Writing Challenge

Topic – Art Forms, GS-1

  1. What is culture and what are its general characteristics? Discuss any four important characteristics of Indian culture. (200 Words)
  2. “The period between B.C. 600 and B.C. 200 is important not only for political unity of the country but also for cultural unity.” Comment. (200 Words)
  3. The Alvars and Nayanars of Tamil Nadu led an inclusive Bhakti movement where they accommodated the women and the lower caste communities at the same time opposing the traditional religions of the time. Comment.  (200 Words)
  4. Write a short note on the following in about 100 Words: 4 x 5 = 20

a) The Sattriya dance form

                  b) Gombeyaata

                 c) Purandaradasa

                d)  Lai Haraoba

     5. What are the architectural traditions that inspired the architects of           Vijayanagara? How did they transform these traditions? (200 Words)  

 

Tomorrow’s Topics:

Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features

156 Comments

Filed under DAILY ANSWER WRITING, QUESTIONS FOR MAINS, UPSC, UPSC IAS GS strategy, UPSC Mains GS Strategy

156 responses to “General Studies – Daily Answer Writing Challenge

  1. NEHA

    Ans3- An important landmark in the cultural history of medieval India was the silent revolution in society brought about by a galaxy of socio religious reformers, a revolution known as Bhakti Movement.

    In the Southern India, the Bhakti movements (about 6th century) were led by the Alvars (meaning devotees of Vishnu) and Nayanars (meaning devotees of Shiva). The leaders of these two school of Bhakti combined their forces to give a severe blow to the non-vedic faiths.

    The Alvars and Nayanars started a movement of protest against the caste system and the dominance of Brahmans or at least made efforts to reform them. This view is supported by the fact that these Bhakti reformers came from diverse social backgrounds such as cultivators, artisans and “untouchables”. This Bhakti movement laid the idea of Supreme God. It emphasized on the fact that it was possible for devotees regardless of their caste or creed and sex , to receive the grace of God.
    This was the reason why the great poet like Kabir who belonged to a weaver family and great woman poet like Mirabai are the best known personalities emerged out of this Bhakti tradition.

    • NEHA 126

      Friends please review my answers

    • kalyani

      Hi Neha, you didnt mention about women. Then no need to mention about Meera bhai and Kabir. Since, question is about Alwar and Nayanar, you could have given more weightage to the matters related to Alwars and Nayanars. But your intro part is good.

  2. kalyani

    The Alvars and Nayanars of Tamil Nadu led an inclusive Bhakti movement where they accommodated the women and the lower caste communities at the same time opposing the traditional religions of the time. Comment (200 Words)

    The Alwars and Nayanars of Tamil Nadu which became prominent in the 6th – 7th centuries got wider attention from all sects of life. Their policy to accept lower communities and women to their movement made it popular. Many women, who were strictly under the patriarchal form of society, came into forefront with this movement. Women like Andal, who is a devotee of Vishnu and Karaikkalamaiyar, who is a devotee of Vishnu were prominent among them. They composed many songs in praise of their favourite Gods. Karaikkalamaiyar’s real name was Punitavati and was the daughter of the chief of Karaikkal. She renowned everything and joined with these movements.

    Though Budhism and Jainism existed early, the Bhakti poems of these movements opposed them vehemently especially Nayanar sects. Some commented it is due to the competition between such groups and to get more royal patronages. But kingdoms like Chera, Chola supported these movement and constructed many Siva and Vishnu temples. So, in a way we can assume that they promoted these movements may be because of its Tamil nationality and Tamil origin.

    • NEHA 126

      Thanks a lot@ kalyani for reviewing my answer..it will help me improve my ans…..
      your ans is well structured…but you have not talked about minorities much….I think you should add a few more points regarding that….otherwise your ans is comprehensive….keep writing and reviewing:)

      • kalyani

        Thanks Neha for your review. Yes I could have added more on that also. Anyway will take care of it. you also keep writing :) All the best :)

  3. kalyani

    The Sattriya dance form (100 words)

    The Sattriya dance is one of the eight classical dance forms in India. Its origin is Assam from 15th century AD by Vaishnavite saint Sankaradeva. The term Sattriya derived from Sattra which means monastery. It was performed by monks in the monasteries. Later, it was practiced by men from outside Sattras. Also earlier women were not performed and women’s role was done by men by dressing like women. Later women also were included. It is performed as single or as a group. It is accompanied by drums, violin and other instruments. This dance form is even mentioned in ancient texts like Natya sastra and in sculptures. Now a day more women are joining and number of men fell down drastically.

  4. kalyani

    GOMBEYAATA (100 words)

    Togalu Gombeyaata is a puppet show unique to Karnataka. It is played with puppets made of leather. Puppets are made and strings attached with it. People behind the screen made the movement of strings and it is shown in a white screen. Normally the charecters are taken from epics, Ramayana and Mahabharatha. In modern times role model personalities like Mahatma Gandhiji was also shown as the charecters. Usually it is performed in nights and continues till dawn.

  5. kalyani

    PURANDARADASA (100 WORDS)

    Purandaradasa was a great Carnatic music composer and widely known as the ‘Grandfather of Carnatic music.’ His contribution as a musician and a human being is quite noteworthy. In Carnatic music he systematized many things and made Raga Mayamamalavagowla as the introductory raga for beginners. Also made Dhattu varisha, Swarajati, Alankaram, Krithis and so on in a systemic way and that is still used for the Carnatic music students. He also had great interest in Hindustani music and many of his compositions are used by Hindustani musicians. He used to compose in Kannada as well as Sanskrit languages. He has composed around 4.75 lakh kritis. He also stood against caste discrimination and untouchability and wrote many songs against such practices.

  6. Gajendra

    Culture is a human made behavioral environment. It represents the share of the knowledge of languages, regions, attitude, moral etc. among the group of people. Social harmony, societal nature, unity in diversity, continuity and change, secularism and human integrity are some of the characteristics of the Culture.
    Indian society is based on culture that came into existence before 5000 years ago.
    Some important characteristics of Indian culture:
    Social harmony: intermingling of various cultures of India that were grown under the same roof resulted the social cooperation among the peoples following different kind of culture like one in Revolt of 1857.

    Unity in diversity: India is a land of diversity. Here we can see many culture adhered to different societies living with each other like the formation of Congress in 1885. There can be lingual similarity r traditional similarity which attach them with each other.

    Continuity and change: Culture is a dynamic element which transmit from one generation to other. Along wit this movement there can be some changes with the passing of time like British legacy that influence Indian culture.

    Secularism: this is the characteristic of Indian society, get protection in the Constitution of India, which allow persons with different religions to live together.

  7. Ajeet

    What is culture and what are its general characteristics? Discuss any four important characteristics of Indian culture. (200 Words)

    Answer:-
    Culture is way of live. It depicts the way people dressed, eats, interact etc.
    The general characteristics are:-
    a) It is learned and acquired.
    b) It is shared by group of people.
    c) It is changes with time.
    d) It is used for socialization.

    The four important characteristics of Indian culture are:-
    a) Spirituality
    b) Non-violence
    c) Diversity and Unity
    d) Secular outlook

    Spirituality: Indian culture promotes the oneness of Brahman-atman. It shows tells that about the salvation of human being. Ancient literature like Purana , Upnishadas etc has propagated these ideologies.

    Non-Violence: This feature of culture was propagated by Jains and Buddhist. It care and Value the Life. In recent past, Mahatma Gandhi has revived this characteristic. He used Non-Violence as important weapon in the struggle of freedom.

    Diversity and Unity: India is home land of many religions, communities and
    tribes. There are many languages spoken in different part of country. The folks and festivals are also different. These diversities don’t bisect the people. People are living together from thousands of years with peace and harmony.

    Secular Outlook: Indian culture has Constitutional support. It is a proponent of Secularism. It don’t biases a particular religion, caste or class.

  8. Ajeet

    Question: The period between B.C. 600 and B.C. 200 is important not only for political unity of the country but also for cultural unity.” Comment. (200 Words)

    Answer:-
    The period of BC 600 to 200 is a later vedic period. It has seen the emergence of Janpadas and Mahajanpadas. They interacted with each other through marriages, trade and wars. This period has provided a political stability and strengthened the Unity of region.

    However, Cultural growth during this period was also significant. The emergence of Jainism and Buddhism in later vedic period had promoted the Unity. The Out caste people of Brahmanism got new opportunities to become part of main stream culture. Downgraded women of Brahmanism got new opportunities towards their salvation.

    The Brahmanism of early vedic had divided the society. It has seen its downfall in this period.

    Both Jainism and Buddhism spread all across the country. People of different region contributed their local culture in it. Many times Kings and Brahman also joined the sanghas to break the barriers of castes.

    Moreover, Brahmanism also got transformed into Hinduism. Secular worship was promoted with help of literature like Purana and Upnishadas.

    Therefore, the period of BC 600 to 200 has not only provided the Political Unity but also strengthen the cultural unity of the Country.

  9. Ajeet

    Question:- The Alvars and Nayanars of Tamil Nadu led an inclusive Bhakti movement where they accommodated the women and the lower caste communities at the same time opposing the traditional religions of the time. Comment. (200 Words)

    Answer:
    Bhakti movement started in Tamil Nadu during Medieval period. Alvars and Nayanars started this movement. Alvars were devotees of Vishnu and Nayanars were of Shiva.

    Alvar and Nayanar criticized the supremacy of Brahmins. They refused the ideology of Vedas and worshiped their own Literature. They believed that the inequality and exploitation in society is because of the caste system laid by Brahmins. Major suffering of this system was borne by lower caste peoples and women.

    Bhakti movement has its genesis in the exploitation of traditional religion. Therefore, it has incorporated all section of society to break the caste and class barriers.

    The ideology of Bhakti was simple. They propagated the deity worship. It was the only way for salvation.

    As both Jains and Buddhism were silent on existence of God, Alvar and Nayanar criticized both these religion.

    Bhakti movement was based on lines of inclusiveness of the society. People from all sections contributed in it. Women wrote many prose and poetry in devotion of deity.

    Therefore, this movement gave a new life and opportunities to Women and lower caste people to attain salvation. Such Opportunities were never provided by traditional religion.

  10. Ajeet

    Write a short note on the following in about 100 Words: 4 x 5 = 20
    a) The Sattriya dance form
    b) Gombeyaata
    c) Purandaradasa
    d) Lai Haraoba
    Answer:

    Sattriya Dance:-
    It is a classical dance founded by Shankaradev in Assam. Shankaradev was proponent of Vishanavism. He developed Sattriya dance form to depict the methodological stories.

    This dance was performed in Sattriya. These were the monasteries of vishanav monk. This how it got its name. This dance is practiced by both male and female devotees.

    Gombeyaata:-
    It is a puppet show of Karnataka. Puppets used in show were made up of leather. It is performed in local language i.e. Kannada. The stories from Ramayana and Mahabharata are depicted through Gombeyaata.

    Purandaradasa:
    He is prominent musician of Carnatic music. He contributed to music in both Kannada and Sanskrit language. He fought with social evils like casteism and untouchability through his songs. He is regarded as Grandfather of Carnatic music.

    Lai Haraoba:-
    It is religious dance festival of Manipur. It called as festival of God’s. In this festival Meitei Community worship the traditional deities and ancestors

  11. Ajeet

    What are the architectural traditions that inspired the architects of Vijayanagara? How did they transform these traditions? (200 Words).

    Answer:-
    Vijayanagara Empire architects drawn its inspirations from two sources:-
    a) The Old temples build in Chola, Chalukyas kingdom
    b) Contemporary rulers of Deccan and Gujarat.

    The Kings of Vijayanagra followed the tradition of past kingdoms like Cholas. They built the new temples and upgraded the older ones to gain the acceptance among the common people.

    Architecture features of Deccan Sultanate like Dome, Tall tower (Minars) were incorporated as a new feature during Vijayanagara Empire.

    The features were transformed by building various styles of monuments for different purposes.
    These monument are classified as
    a) Sacred Center.
    b) Royal Center

    Sacred Center: These were the temple dedicated for worship of deity. The added features are Gopuram, Mandapas.

    Royal Center: These were the secular temples used for public celebrations.e.g. Mahanavami. The added features are big central hall.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>